Literature Review & Data Collecting

The two tasks that have been developing are the literature review and data collecting information on Police Shootings with the mentally ill. Paper writing is not my forte. After struggling to write a literature review, something I’ve never done before, I was able to complete it. There still need to be edits and additions but I think I did a good job considering the circumstances.

After that was submitted, I worked on some of the information for the database and researched missing parts of information on a data sheet. Through an excel spread sheet I enter different aspects about many officer involved shootings. The hardest cell to fill was the one that determined mental illness. Many articles made no mention of mental illness or had conflicting views. Some would say mentally ill, and others would say intoxicated or sometimes both. I completed as much of the data sheet as I could in the short amount of time and enjoyed that more than writing the literature review. I want to continue working on it and look more extensively without the time crunch.

Through collecting data I was able to see obvious patterns within geographical areas that struggle the most with police involved shootings. Although I recognized that I was not working on the complete data, just 100 cells, many of the incidents occurred in California. This could be simply because the state is so large, but it could also speak to their policing abilities. The victims were also almost entirely male. Determining the race of a victim was not always easy but there was a high volume of minority victims on my sheet, but again I am aware that it is such a small section of the present data so not to make and final judgments based on that alone.

The progress of this research has been slow and steady. I am currently adding more sources to the literature review. My schedule this semester has been harder than I anticipated, but I will still work on the things Professor Arslan has given me to contribute to the research. The experience of data collecting was so far the best part of this research for me. I hope I do more of it.

Journal Literature Review Progress

The focus of the rest of this semester has been on the Literature Review of the journal being written about the use of deadly force on the mentally ill. I have found many great sources and have mapped out the directions I want the Literature Review to go. I am still getting used to how it is structured and the type of language/ writing of this section of the journal. I am confident in the knowledge I have collected and am eager to move forward.

The S.H.O.T Database Statistics on the pace.edu website have been an essential starting point to collecting data for my research. It has showed me examples of these instances, along with their locations. This has actively led me to finding solid sources about how law enforcement are making changes to improve mentally ill and police interactions.
I’ve also found the adversities law enforcement have encountered when it coming to a situation with a mentally ill person. For instance, a lack of funding due to a small mentally ill presence in the community. The well being of the mental ill is seldom a priority of law enforcement who do not actively have predicaments with them involved. The approach of unspecialized law enforcement is very “cookie cutter” or one size fits all. A solution begins with more specialized training in the academy as opposed to a brief general overview. Many mental disorders are very different and being able to handle different common ones is important, even if there is not room in a community budget for a Task Force.
I have sent my beginning of the Literature Review to Professor Arslan and we both agree I need to make improvements. with everything going on this semester it has been difficult to give 100% of my attention to this literature. However, I look forward to having time over winter break to dedicate to perfecting the literature to ensure the journal’s foundation is strong.
Once the Lit Review is completed. I will start collecting data on mentally ill being shot during police encounters. This will start by Spring Semester.

Beginning Research on Law Enforcement response to Mentally ill

Police Brutality and use of deadly force has been frequent media headlines over the past couple years. However, the issues between police and the mentally ill have been a prominent issue for a long time. Police in most areas of the United States are ill-equipped to handle special cases involving the mentally ill. The mentally ill or emotionally disturbed persons (EDP) need more specialized attention and care than the ordinary traffic stop.

My job is to assist Professor Arslan and to research how the police handle EDPs and if it is a commonality to have task forces that handle the mentally ill. This is to ensure deadly force is not used when there are professionals who have an alternative solution. Deadly force should always be a last resort tactic but some officers jump the gun (no pun intended). Although Crisis Intervention Teams are active in Westchester County, they are not implemented in the majority of police departments in the United States. For example, in Maine, police have shot over 100 people who ended up to be mentally ill since 1990. Since then they have begun the implementation of CIT (similar to White Plain’s program) to lower risk to mental health persons.

This is not only an important piece of Police use of deadly force. Research about the methods in which law enforcement handle the mentally ill could be revolutionary in decreasing the amount of people wounded at the hands of police. This is not only beneficial to the mentally ill, but it helps police officers during their daily duties, the family members of EDPs, and especially the state/ local governments.  The data for this research will be retrieved from the Statistics Help Officer Training (SHOT) database, which is located at Pace University.