Blog 1

This summer Dr. Coppola and I are working with the Carter Burden Network (CBN) to study the impact of technology on the quality of life among older adults (individuals above sixty-years-old). In doing so, we will help CBN create a structured technology program that will give older adults the ability to learn more about specific areas of technology. This will include everything from basic computer literacy, to mobile banking and tele-health services. The purpose of this research is to identify the most efficient ways in which older adults can learn and retain information about technology, while also better understanding how these findings can improve and individual’s overall quality of life. Once we have identified the most practical and effective ways teach older adults, we will utilize this information and implement it into the foundation of our technology program.

Through this project we expect to achieve a better understanding of the best practices and procedures for interacting with older adults and technology. We also hope to better understand the technical skills that are most important to older adults. Is it basic computer skills? The ability to fully interact with an online registration portal? Essentially, we want to identify which concepts are most important to teach older adults so that their quality of life is improved. We want to give them the skills and knowledge to be more independent and confident in a society that is heavily focused around technology. Once we have been able to identify these concepts, we will apply this information into the creation of a structured technology program that can be implemented at CDN and other senior living and recreational centers.

To answer our research questions, we will use a number of methods over the course of our project. First, we will research ways in which other senior centers are already teaching about technology. It is important to have an understanding of what others are already doing, and to use this information as a springboard for our research. Additionally, we will hold focus groups with the adults at CDN. These focus groups will provide us with baseline information in regards to the skills and knowledge that the adults already possess about technology. During these focus groups we will also survey the adult’s feelings on their quality of life and use this information to see if our program can help to increase their overall feelings of happiness. Another method that we will use is to test different teaching techniques. For example: do older adults learn best in groups or one-on-one? Is it best to have classes once or twice a week? Are paper instructions more effective than using an iPad? These are all questions that we hope to answer and that will give us the ability to create the best program that we can. We will test different teaching styles and practices to better understand which methods are most applicable to teaching older adults of varying ages, backgrounds, skill levels.

The potential significance of this research could serve as a tool to increase the quality of life for older adults. If we find that the program we will establish can lower an older adult’s feelings of social isolation, we can build upon our research and begin to implement these programs in a number of other senior centers. The long-term implementation could result in higher rates of happiness among future participants.


Step by step to Inelastic Heat Conduction via Molecular Quantum Systems

Summer just started and most of us are now on vacation enjoying the heat from the sun rays. Well for me this summer is working with the HEAT but the one in thermodynamics- one of the greatest topics in physics. Our goal is to examine the study of electron-phonon coupling effects of heat conditions in very “tiny” other words molecular complexes. These couple of weeks are starting to fall into place once meeting my Professor Walczak working on my research titles” Inelastic Heat Conduction via Molecular Quantum Systems”- where misleading concepts are finally clearing up. It all begins when we have installed MATLAB on our laptops- a software to help analyze our data .With basic commands the one we use daily on our computers to edit files and input data. In addition, all the results and complicated equations we will use the help of MATLAB. This program makes my results clear when plotting different visual graphs. I’m still in progress of working with sample problems just to refine my skills and experimenting with all the possibilities this program can do.                                                            This research is the typical research done in chemistry or biology labs because it’s not experimental but more theoretical based. The results I’m currently working with is mostly synthesis of current data something we are figuring out and demonstrating  in the long run for the need of more data.In this case we use non-perturbative computational format to base of Landauer formula:

Another great equation is working on Green’s functions technique that is used for calculating multi-channel transmission probability functionwhere the individual conduction channel is used by the Boltzmans’ equation We want to focus mainly on expanding aspect ions like the strength of electron-phonon coupling and the heat fluxes that occur due to the temperature change and bias voltage which can get tricky at times. So far, I’ve been enjoying MATLAB it is amazing to have all the data in one place. Keeping track and planning out as well as debugging the code, along with seeing the results of my effort is exciting. Thou, like most scientists know how important something like “error”is.  Experiments aren’t perfect, and ours requires a lot of work to ideal data. There are times we have a lot of experimental output showed up as “impossible” or “error” values, which makes me, even more encouraged to not giving up! Now, I’m starting to understand all of this jargon behind all of these complicated texts and codes.I look forward to work on this research as much as possible and more time running our trials, importantly getting great results! In order to get to the final goal it requires step by step to figuring it all out !

The Damage A Company Must Face When Sponsoring An Athlete Who Is Later Found In A Public Relations Scandal

This summer we are researching the negative effects a company must face when endorsed by an athlete who is involved in a PR scandal. Our tentative title is “The Damage A Company Must Face When Sponsoring An Athlete Who Is Later Found In A Public Relations Scandal.”


The purpose of our project is to examine whether or not specific PR scandals related to their endorsing athletes can damage the company internally, whether that be through stock price, sales, profit, revenue, etc. There’s an old saying that says no publicity is bad publicity. We want to discover the possibility of that holding true with endorsing athletes who get into PR disasters. Our overall objective is for the research to uncover publishable findings and to interest other students as well as the general public.

We expect to improve our understanding and ability to use big data analytical softwares to positively impact future research endeavors. The big picture goal is to have findings significant enough that they can be used by larger companies when they are determining whether to sign an athlete to an endorsement. Our basic research method will include using multiple statistical analysis softwares such as R and STATA to evaluate the financial effects created from a PR scandal. 

Blog #1

My name is Arva Turku and I am a communication science and disorders major here at Pace. I am an incoming senior with a new found passion for adult communication disorders. My interest peaked when I took a course with my professor and mentor, Dr. Linda Carozza. My heightened interest combined with Dr. Carozza’s experience and knowledge blossomed into this research project. Before I explain the project, I want to stress how important research in this field really is. Dementia is a common and chronic disease that severs daily mental abilities and brain function. It is a disease the health and science community still only know so much about. There is no cure and no definitive diagnosis. It is mentally debilitating, deteriorating most if not all brain functions including speech and language. This is where research means so much.

Temporal Structure of the Speech of Individuals with Dementia is the title of this research project my mentor and I are embarking on. The research question being; are there temporal characteristics in dementia that can be used as bio markers for dementia progression? At this point in time, our study is a “pilot” but our goal is to indicate whether motor speech decline patterns are associated with the decline in dementia. We plan on using statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) which would compare means of different subjects (as compared to one another and also within the stimuli set) where we will analyze and note any individual differences. We are still gathering research participants and building up our data and knowledge as we are just beginning the basic measurements. However, we expect that the real bulk of this project will take place in the fall once we have accumulated enough data as well as completed our test- retest in which the participants are tested once again after 6 months in order to note dementia progression. Dr. Carozza is extremely knowledgeable in this field and it is truly such an honor and pleasure to be assisting her in research that can one day be ground breaking. I hope that you see what we see, as our research journey continues.

Characterization of the Microbial Community of the Accessory Nidamental Gland of the Longfin inshore squid, Loligo pealei

The title of our experiment is Characterization of the Microbial Community of the Accessory Nidamental Gland of the Longfin inshore squid, Loligo pealei. The research that is being undertaken is focusing in on the symbiotic relationship that is present between marine organisms and the mutualistically beneficial bacteria that grows on these organisms. The foundation of this research was interest in the nidamental gland of the female reproductive organ in squids. The nidamental gland is responsible for coating the eggs with a jelly like substance that is integrated with bacteria to serve as a protective barrier against predators and fowling. If this bacteria is able to be characterized, The properties that allows it to protect the eggs will be understood and potentially be beneficial in other ways. Understanding this bacteria will be attempted through 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Results will assist in understanding of marine symbiotic organisms and how they function. This will be the first study addressing the microbial population of the Longfin inshore Squid nidamental gland as well as their egg cases.


So far, many efforts have been made in reference to lab training for the experimentation itself. LBS agar plates were created in order to perform 3 way streaks and isolate particular bacteria from the marine symbionts. Squid, as well as jellyfish that were collected through wading, were the subjects of bacteria isolation. The process of isolating the bacteria from the jellyfish was extensive, beginning with euthanization of the jellyfish (through freezing),  macerating it, rinsing it with 3x deionized water and then vortexing it. Through performing a three way streak of this sample, particular colonies of bacteria were able to be isolated and examined individually. Colony PCR was performed following this and the samples were then inserted into gel in order to perform gel electrophoresis. PCR clean up was then undertaken using a Qiagen kit. This is done in order to prepare the DNA samples that were amplified to be sequenced. Twelve different bacteria samples were successfully amplified through PCR and able to be sequenced in the lab so further characterization of the bacterial colonies can occur in the future.  


Ion Channels as Memristors

The purpose of this project is to investigate the potentials of neuronal cell membrane ion channels being memristors. Neurons biologically exhibit the behavior of circuits, and we will study the components of neurological activity in terms of classical and modern circuit elements. Moreover, the recently characterized ‘memristor’ is a new circuit element that completes mathematical symmetry of electrical variables. They have been found to express ‘memory’, by retaining a physical conformation and particular resistance after current has passed through it.

Memristors have eluded discovery until the emergence of nanotechnology; we are interested in that neurons are vital, naturally occurring analogues for microscopic circuits. Neurons generate electrical potential via membrane channels, which maintain an ionic gradient. We are investigating the dynamics of ion channel structure and resistance in terms of current. We hope to show these relationships as memristive, and therefore contribute to biophysical uses of neurons in nanotechnology.

To do this, we will continue to investigate the Hodgkin-Huxley models for neurons, and expand the ordinary differential equations to describe the cell’s electrical activity in terms of memristance. Hopefully, this will give a new perspective on circuit activity. Wolfram Mathematica is mathematical computation software that will provide solutions to nonlinear differential equations. Memristors are known to have nonlinear trends; while the relationship between resistance, current and channel shape are related, their change is not proportional to each other. Therefore, we will also have to employ more advanced mathematical tools to describe it, specifically differential calculus.


Sharing Englishes and Social Media

Dr. Florescu and I are currently working on our project titled, “Sharing Englishes and Social Media. Through our project, we aim to emphasize the need to recognize that there is more than one way for an individual to perform the English language, thus creating a series of “Englishes”. Furthermore, we seek to dispel the myth of “improper English” by acknowledging how language has been used to oppress and subdue minority communities by forcing them to adhere to monolinguistic English, rather than forming their own tongue and identity. By examining the factors in which language has been used to suppress, this research could be used to change our perceptions on English by allowing us to acknowledge a multitudinous array of “Englishes” as valid, question what we deem “proper English”, and create newfound understanding for those who do not perform their English in the same way that we do. I aim to do this by drawing from various media—literature, media, music, songs, and art—that comment on how one’s personal identity influences their own Englishes. I would like to go through scholarly journals to find articles in relation to race, gender, immigration status, and sexual identity to see the significants between these groups and the English language. Lastly, I would also like to conduct some informal interviews to gain insight on those who speak English as a second language, those who have stylized the English language in the black, female, and queer communities, and how social media has allowed them to enhance and control their own languages. If I could figure out a way to conduct a survey that could capture these thoughts, that would be phenomenal as well.

As an introduction to our topic, I have studied the 8-minute long audio track of  “Discourse on the Logic of Language” by Marlene Nourbese Philip, as well as Lenelle Moïse’s “the children of immigrants”, using them as points of comparison.

Philip’s audio track is spoken with a certain calmness, but there is a commanding presence about it. She repeats the message multiple times: “English is my mother tongue / a mother tongue is not a foreign lan lan language / l(anguish) / anguish / a foreign anguish / therefore, English is a foreign language / not a mother tongue.” Immediately, Philip paints for us a picture of the conflict between herself and the English language. She claims English as her mother tongue and states that it is not a foreign language because it is a part of her, something as natural as breathing air. Yet still, despite the naturalness of English and her asserting her ownership of the language, she also recognizes that English is something that brings her great anguish; she does this through combining “language” and “anguish” to create “l(anguish)”. English is seemingly innate to Philip, but she cannot ignore that the language has been imposed on her,  making her natural tongue seem foreign to her simultaneously. It is both her own and not her own, as a colonial and postcolonial lens would identify English as being a Eurocentric standard forced upon minorities. This idea of conflict may appear confusing to the listener during the first listen, as Philip states contradicting ideas on English being a mother tongue/not a mother tongue as well as foreign/not foreign. However, the confusion perfectly captures the way that Philip feels: something so natural to her—a language that she has spoken since birth—still feels foreign to her because it is of someone else.  As she repeats this internal struggle with herself and the language, booming clinical voices overpower her throughout the course of the audio track. They come without warning, drowning out her mantra with their own agendas.These voices do succeed in overpowering her at several points, giving historical snippets of ways that language has been used to oppress minorities: slave owners buying slaves that spoke different languages so they would not be able to communicate and form a rebellion,  parts of the brain related to speech being named/connected to scientists that tried to prove that white males’ brains were larger (and proved superiority to blacks, women, and other groups), etc. As a black woman, her voice is overpowered by the white voices and we can no longer hear her. She must repeat her message multiple times and fight in order for her message to be heard, as other voices attempt to silence her. 

On the other hand, Moïse’s “the children of immigrants” does not directly address language, but the implication that the study of language is crucial for the children of immigrants is absolutely present. The children of immigrants are gazed upon with great scrutiny: by their parents, teachers, and other individuals in their lives. Their parents force them to grow up quickly by leaving behind their childhood and launching them through adulthood at a young age, in hopes that this will grant them a better opportunity at life once they have grown. As the child of immigrants, they are not expected to have mastered the language at such a young age. A teacher bewilderedly questions Moïse,  “How do you know? How do you already know?” Yet as children of immigrants, the children are held to an entirely different standard within their households. They must assimilate into this culture and perfect it in every way possible, including through their mastery of the English language. They must enunciate, spell, and speak properly, and once they have done it, they are forced to be the “bridge, cultural interpreter, [and] spokesperson” for two different cultures.  Through their parents expecting better lives for the children and by the children witnessing the hardships their parents endure for them to have an opportunity, their children are not allowed to be children. Instead, they take on the adult-like responsibility of reaching ‘the standard’, then go beyond the standard by perfecting it. The bar is set the highest for them and in a sense, they must speak English even better than native speakers with non-immigrant parents. In return, they are commended for their fluency in English. However, it must be questioned at what cost to the child’s emotional wellbeing and growth is this praise gained. 

“Discourse on the Logic of Language” by Marlene Nourbese Philip

Lenelle Moïse’s “the children of immigrants”

Conceptualizing Materiality in the Digital Age: Examining the Relationship Among Humans,Technology and Language (Blog 1)

Our initial direction was to examine the fidget spinner, an analog toy that has gone viral in recent months, to conceptualize distraction and productivity in the Digital Age. After sifting through scholarly databases, we became fixated on exploring the role of touch and materiality in our digital-saturated generation. Thus, we have titled our project, “Conceptualizing Materiality in the Digital Age: Examining the Relationship Among Humans, Technology and Language.” The purpose of this project is to gain broader insights on the ways humans cope and adapt to technological advancements.

First, we will define materiality, a term whose primary meaning was limited to the notions of matter and tactility. The rise of digital culture expanded the definition of materiality due to the birth of cyberspace, a supposed intangible place. During a time in which screens mediate interaction, there is a heightened desire to fulfill the basic need for connection or to be in touch with others. We will examine words that are specific to the Digital Age such as “touchscreen,” which suggests that a technological component is now needed to achieve connectivity. Through our analysis, we will show that the expansion of language coincides with imperative to preserve a firm sense of self in an increasingly digitized era.

During this process, I will gain the experience of working with advanced qualitative research practices that will help me develop more effective methods for future studies. Moreover, I hope to hone my skills in analytical reading, academic writing and organization. We will use the database, JSTOR, to locate secondary sources including scholarly and academic journals on media philosophies. We will filter searches based on keywords including ‘materiality’, ‘phenomenology,’ ‘media technology,’ ‘tactility,’ and ‘touch.’ By reading the abstracts of related searches we can determine which readings are relevant to our project.

The theoretical frameworks for this project will stem from the perspectives of media theorists, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Marshall McLuhan and N. Katherine Hayles. To explore similar perspectives or to help clarify complex ideas, we will refer to other media theorists that appear in the articles. Once we gather foundational theories on materiality and human-technology interaction from JSTOR, we will use Google Scholar to find primary sources on fidget spinners. Then, we will draw connections among our sources to pose our own arguments about the changes in the relationship among humans, language and technology.

Modern-Day Slavery (Blog #1)

Christina N. Stewart
16 July 2017
Blog #1

Much like every other country in the world, the United States of America has been no stranger to slavery. Without a doubt, slavery has had an extensive, well-known history, but there is one particular form of exploitation which proves that modern variations of enslavement exist to this day: human trafficking. Arguably the greatest ethical challenge facing the world today and one of the most tragic, egregious human rights violations of our time, human trafficking is modern-day slavery. Simply put, human trafficking is the unjustified trade and exploitation of individuals for sex or for labor through force, fraud or coercion. It’s the commodification of human beings. It’s an insidious crime that both dehumanizes and erodes human dignity. The stomach-turning realization that human trafficking exists seems like fantasy. After all, who would imagine that a form of slavery could still exist in the 21st century in a country founded on freedom? Unfortunately, this is absolutely the case. In fact, the issue is so widespread and extensive that virtually every country in the world could be considered a country of origin, transit, or destination for trafficking. If this isn’t shocking enough, it’s estimated that there are more slaves now than at any other point in history. Despite this reality, the nature of human trafficking is sometimes overlooked and deemed intangible. It’s a problem most Americans assume is confined to far-off, developing countries. The truth of the matter is that it’s as real and immediate an issue in the United States as it is throughout the world. If you’ve benefited from cheap goods, you’ve benefited from slavery.

As one of the vilest crimes committed against humanity, human trafficking implicates Americans of all backgrounds and socio-economic statuses whether they know it or not. It is for this reason that Dr. Maxam and I felt compelled to bring awareness to this subject. Through our research project, “Using Crime-Mapping to Understand and Identify Hot Spots for Human Trafficking in the U.S.,” we want to bring awareness to the issue of human trafficking while also helping to map out hot spots where this inhumane crime is most prevalent. The crime mapping is not only helpful for prevention, but can also be helpful when discussing new possible legislation. Through both our research and crime mapping, we hope to use our findings to create suggestions for clearer, more updated legislation against trafficking. I believe it’s extremely important for strong legislation to be implemented and even more important for prosecutors to be knowledgeable of these laws. Frustratingly, many prosecutors and judges fail to pursue traffickers with actual trafficking laws, overwhelmingly indict them with lesser crimes, and sometimes even charge the victim for engaging in prostitution. In some cases, prosecutors believe the certainty of punishment is more valuable than its severity. This injustice should not be allowed to continue. Emphasis should be placed on the atrociousness of those who profit from exploiting others. As it is, a trafficking victim faces a bitter struggle for safety and dignity— often staying silent as they remain dependent upon their abuser or abusers. Clearer legislation could be the key to giving victims a voice and ending the commonality of victim blaming.

We’ll begin our research with the objective of gaining a general overview of the heinous nature of human trafficking—placing emphasis on the types of trafficking as well as their causes. Part of this general overview of human trafficking will involve researching its history in both the U.S. and abroad. Additionally, we’ll find resources for trafficking victims and possible prevention measures. Our other objective will be to look at the interconnectedness of worldwide trafficking—learning how both industrialized and developing countries partner to engage in this “business”. In the end, we’ll create a crime map that will be complemented by our research. The research that we acquire will help us pinpoint where trafficking is most likely to occur, and where it’s actually occurring. A majority of our research will be based on the U.S.—concentrating on where it is most prevalent, who is most often trafficking, and where trafficked victims come from. The crime map that we create will be centered on New York City. It will enable us to identify trafficking hotspots in this area. If you think about it, New York City’s large immigrant population and close proximity to major airports and other ports of entry make it the perfect area for trafficking to thrive.

In order to answer my research questions and complete my objectives, I will use a variety of research methods. I will conduct internet research via media articles and videos, view police reports, legal documents, and case files to help aide in the crime mapping process, and utilize databases to view peer reviewed journals. In addition, I will conduct informational interviews with a few individuals from various backgrounds who are well-versed in human trafficking. These interviews will include a world renowned forensic traumatologist, a former counsel at the New York County Lawyers’ Association, as well as others.

Ultimately, I expect to gain a comprehensive understanding of both human trafficking and crime mapping. I’ve never done crime mapping before, and I’m sure learning this skill would prove to be a valuable resource for me in the future. Aside from learning the technology behind crime mapping, I will also be able to visualize hot spots of where trafficking is actually occurring. This is something that I currently have limited information on and am eager to discover. I’d like to think I have a pretty general understanding of human trafficking, but being able to crime map would certainly help to broaden my understanding. For this reason, I am sure this part of the research will be especially eye-opening for me. I expect our findings to potentially be submitted to both the forensic traumatologist we’ll be working with as well as local law enforcement so that key areas for trafficking could be accurately identified. Although this atrocity degrades and victimizes countless people every year, there has been very little mapping done to track it. Because of this, our research has the potential to be quite significant.

It’s overwhelming to get your mind around the indignity of how humans can treat other human beings. Having said that, human trafficking is an issue that I feel is such a violation of human rights and such an injustice to human beings in general that it simply must be brought to more people’s attention. I am excited to gain what I know will be an exceptional amount of knowledge and insight about this topic from a range of various perspectives. I am also extremely excited to have the opportunity to present the findings to a global audience at the “International Journal of Arts and Sciences” academic conference in Germany this November.

Blog Post 1 “Transgender/Gender Non-Conforming Students & Retention: A Family Intervention Model”

This summer, I am working on a research project titled “Transgender/Gender Non-Conforming Students & Retention: A Family Intervention Model” which is about retention for transgender and gender non-conforming students with Erin Furey. Erin is the Associate Director of Pace University’s LGBTQA & Social Justice Center, and I Gabe Nichols, am a rising sophomore majoring in Communications. We are doing this research because currently, we as a society are lacking in support and research on transgender students in college, particularly in terms of retention. This lack of research leaves transgender and gender non-conforming students with no strategies to help them continue and succeed in school. Additionally, we hope that this research shines a light on the issues faced by the transgender community regarding their rights–or lack thereof–and how they are treated, and their unique stressors that lead them to possibly struggle more with staying in school than their cisgender counterparts. Since we hope to be able to continue to carry out this project into the fall and spring semesters, our goals for the summer are primarily research based. Examples of our goals are to research articles regarding transgender and gender non-conforming students and retention, to explore, apply and critique LGBTQA+ literature on retention as it applies to transgender and gender non-conforming students, and to develop a hypothesis around the needs of transgender and gender non-conforming students that is linked to retention.

So far we have begun researching the topic, but our exact topic has little to no previous research conducted about it, so instead we are exploring similar topics, such as retention throughout the whole LGBTQA+ community, or the mental health of transgender adults and adolescents. After reading these articles, I have created an annotated bibliography with important information about each of the articles. While reading these articles, we have noted which articles specifically pull the ‘T’ out of the LGBTQA acronym and acknowledge the difference in effect between being a cisgender queer person, and being a transgender person. An article we have read that did this well is “The Path Forward: LGBT Retention and Academic Success” by Shane Windmeyer. In the article he points out that, “LGBT youth, specifically LGB youth of color and transgender youth of all races, are much more likely than other students to struggle academically and personally in college.”

For some next steps throughout the summer, we intend to plan a focus group regarding our topic, and seek approval from the institutional review board (IRB) to publish and circulate a survey for transgender and gender non-conforming students. Looking further into the future, we intend to create a dual intervention program for transgender and gender non-conforming students and their parents with the goal being that we ease tensions at home by answering parents questions that may upset the students, We plan to submit this information in workshop format for educational and LGBTQA conferences and present our research, in the hopes to publish a paper about strategies to increase university retention of transgender students.

So far I have loved working on this research project. It is a topic near to my heart, as a transgender man whose parents don’t always approve or understand. Getting to find the information around the topic as well as eventually work on the intervention program first hand is incredible. I am learning so much and I hope to continue to do that. I also hope to find an intervention model with Erin that works, so I can help others in similar or even worse situations than mine.



  • Cisgender: Refers to people whose sex and gender are congruent by predominant cultural standards: women who have female bodies, men who have male bodies.  This term was created to challenge the privileging of such people relative to those who are transgender.
  • Gender Non-Conforming: Someone who does not conform to the ideologies of any one gender. Often considered to be outside the gender binary, or “nonbinary”
  • LGBTQA: acronym standing for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Asexual, used to represent that community.
  • Retention: In this research, this word is used to refer to the amount of students who stay in school and graduate.
  • Transgender: Those whose psychological self/gender identity differs from the social expectations for the physical sex with which they were born. Acts as an umbrella term for both those who fit within and outside of the binary.


Sources cited:

  • Windmeyer, Shane “The Path Forward: LGBT Retention and Academic Success” INSIGHT into Diversity, 2016
  • Pace University’s LGBTQA & Social Justice Center “All Gender Housing: Terms to Know”